U.S. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan waits to begin a discussion at the University of California, Los Angeles, with UCLA Law School Dean Jennifer Mnookin, not shown, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2018. Kagan won’t talk about Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation process but she’s sure about one thing: the nation’s highest court hates deadlocks. Kagan told law students at UCLA on Thursday that the justices worked “super hard” to find consensus after Antonin Scalia’s death in 2016 left the panel with only eight judges. (AP Photo/Brian Melley)

Supreme Court Justice Kagan on how split court can function

September 28, 2018 - 6:11 pm

LOS ANGELES (AP) — With the confirmation of Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett Kavanaugh in doubt, Justice Elena Kagan discussed how the court worked "super hard" in the past to overcome the unusual scenario of a 4-4 split it is due to encounter next week.

Kagan declined to comment on the nomination, but she spoke at length Thursday to law students at the University of California, Los Angeles, about the challenges the court faced the last time it had only eight members and lessons learned from that experience.

Kagan said the justices worked to find consensus after the death of Antonin Scalia in 2016 temporarily left the panel with only eight judges — and the prospect of being deadlocked on divisive issues.

"None of us wanted to look as if the court couldn't do its job," she said. "I think we all felt as though the country needed to feel that the court was a functioning institution no matter what was happening outside."

The court is scheduled to reconvene for oral arguments Monday one justice short following the retirement of Justice Anthony Kennedy earlier this year. Kavanaugh's nomination, which could tip the nation's highest court to a conservative majority, has been in doubt since several women accused him of sexual misconduct early in his life.

The Senate Judiciary Committee recommended on Friday that the full Senate confirm Kavanaugh, who has aggressively denied the allegations. The full Senate was scheduled to vote Tuesday on Kavanaugh, who currently sits on the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals, though that could be scuttled if a lengthier investigation is launched into the allegations against him.

Kagan, who Kavanaugh cited in his remarks before a contentious hearing Thursday for hiring him to teach at Harvard Law School, refused to answer a student's question about the nomination process.

"I think given the events of today that's the one question I'm not going to answer," Kagan said. "We're right in the middle of events that are swirling around and I just want to leave it at that and make no news with respect to anything I say."

But in remarks ranging from career advice to her amusement at John Oliver's spoof on the "Last Week Tonight" show of dogs sitting in for Supreme Court justices ("It's worth watching once," she quipped to big laughs), Kagan addressed the far more serious issue of how the court confronted an even split between the liberals and conservatives on the bench.

She said justices engaged in lengthier discussions at the time and even worked on finding agreement on smaller points when they couldn't settle the larger issues at stake.

The court had a handful of 4-4 decisions, including a deadlock in 2016 in United States v Texas where an equally divided court allowed a lower court injunction to stand that blocked President Barack Obama's Deferred Action for Parents of Americans immigration program.

Even with a full court, Kagan said consensus-building, "especially perhaps in a time of acrimony and partisanship in the country at large, makes a lot of sense."

"The court's strength as an institution in American governance depends on people believe in it having a certain legitimacy ... that it is not simply an extension of politics," she said.

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This story corrects the spelling of Kavanaugh.

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